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Counting Backward for Pre-Primary Students

NEP 2020 emphasizes the development of numeracy and literacy skills in all young learners. Counting backward is an exciting educational activity for Pre-Primary students, helping them playfully develop number sense and basic counting skills. This concept is essential in teaching arithmetic, and enhancing memory, focus, and mental agility. It also acts as an excellent time management tool, guiding individuals to manage tasks within a stipulated duration or countdowns for events.

What is Counting Backward?

Backward counting is the process of counting by eliminating one at a time. This method of teaching subtraction involves starting from a larger number and decreasing by a smaller number. It supports early childhood numeracy skills and helps students understand numerical concepts in reverse.

Counting Backward Examples

  1. Use Visual Aids: Visual aids like number charts or flashcards help children visualize the sequence and understand the concept of counting backward.
  2. Sing Songs or Rhymes: The rhythmic approach is one tool to help children master the skill. For example, create a simple tune where children can sing along as they count backward together.
  3. Interactive Activities: Movements such as clapping hands, stomping feet, or jumping as you count each number make the activity more interactive.
  4. Play Games: Play helps the child to learn the skills effectively. For instance, challenge children to say the next number in the sequence, or ask them to take turns counting backward with a friend.
  5. Use Everyday Situations: Integrate counting backward into daily routines. For example, count backward as you prepare to go outside or before transitioning to a different activity.
  6. Movement-Based Activities: Have children jump or hop backward as they move up and down the stairs.
  7. Arts and Crafts: Create a countdown poster where children can peel off numbers as they count backward.
  8. Storytelling: Use storytelling to introduce the concept of counting backward in a narrative form.

Counting Backward 100 to 1

Let's start counting backward together: 100, 99, 98, 97, 96, 95, 94, 93, 92, 91, 90, 89, 88, 87, 86, 85, 84, 83, 82, 81, 80, 79, 78, 77, 76, 75, 74, 73, 72, 71, 70, 69, 68, 67, 66, 65, 64, 63, 62, 61, 60, 59, 58, 57, 56, 55, 54, 53, 52, 51, 50, 49, 48, 47, 46, 45, 44, 43, 42, 41, 40, 39, 38, 37, 36, 35, 34, 33, 32, 31, 30, 29, 28, 27, 26, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1!

How to Teach Counting Backward?

Children learn better through an integrated approach. Introducing the concept through play, music, or art helps children retain the information, reproduce it better, and apply it in their day-to-day lives. Counting backward is a fun way to engage Pre-Primary students in learning numbers. One can make use of visual aids, songs, interactive activities, and games to make counting backward an enjoyable experience for young learners. It boosts the child's mathematical skills and confidence.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Why should kindergarten children learn to count backward? Counting backward is foundational for later mathematical skills like subtraction. It also improves their number recognition and enhances their overall number sense.

Q2. At what age can kindergarten children start learning to count backward? Kindergarten children typically start learning to count backward around the age of 4 or 5. However, readiness varies among children, so it's essential to introduce counting backward when they show interest and have an understanding of basic counting forward.

Q3. How can I help my kindergarten child learn to count backward? There are various ways to help children understand backward counting:

  • Use visual aids such as number charts or flashcards showing numbers from 100 to 1.
  • Sing songs or rhymes that involve counting backward.
  • Incorporate counting backward into everyday activities and routines.
  • Play games that encourage counting backward, such as countdown or sequencing activities.

Q4. What are the benefits of teaching kindergarten children to count backward?

  • Develops number sense and understanding of number sequence.
  • Introduces the concept of subtraction in a simple form.
  • Enhances concentration and focus.
  • Builds confidence in mathematical skills.

Q5. How can I assess my kindergarten child's progress in backward counting?

  • Observe their ability to count backward accurately from different starting points.
  • Notice their confidence level when counting backward.
  • Engage them in informal counting backward activities and games to gauge their understanding.
Published in Blog

Coding and STEM Education for Secondary and Senior Secondary CBSE Students


“In the 21st century, scientific and technological innovations have become increasingly important as we face the benefits and challenges of both globalization and a knowledge-based economy. To succeed in this new information-based and highly technological society, students need to develop their capabilities in STEM to levels much beyond what was considered acceptable in the past.” - National Science Foundation.

The above quote aptly describes the ever-evolving technological landscape and the importance of coding and STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) in education. The world is increasingly dependent on technology, and the demand for skilled professionals in these fields is on the rise. Recognizing this, many top CBSE schools have integrated coding and STEM education into their curricula, particularly for secondary and senior secondary students.

The Importance of Coding in Education

Coding is more than just writing computer programs; it is a skill that fosters problem-solving, logical thinking, and creativity. For students in senior secondary school, learning to code opens a plethora of opportunities. It equips them with the ability to understand and create technology rather than merely consume it. As industries increasingly rely on digital solutions, coding proficiency becomes a significant advantage for students aspiring to excel in their future careers.

STEM Education

STEM education is a comprehensive approach that integrates the four disciplines of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics into a cohesive learning paradigm. This interdisciplinary approach encourages students to think critically and innovatively. For those considering Class 11 admission, choosing a CBSE school such as The Orbis school, Mundhwa with a strong emphasis on STEM can provide a solid foundation for higher education and professional success. By engaging in STEM activities, students develop skills that are essential for the 21st century, including analytical thinking, collaboration, and effective communication.

Benefits of Coding and STEM Education

Enhanced Problem-Solving Skills

Coding challenges students to solve complex problems by breaking them down into smaller, manageable tasks. For example, when programming a robot to navigate a maze, students must analyze the problem, devise a strategy, and troubleshoot any issues that arise. This analytical approach is beneficial not only in computer science but across all STEM fields.

Creativity and Innovation

Coding allows students to create projects from scratch, fostering creativity and innovation. For instance, students might develop an app to address a real-world issue, such as an app that helps track and reduce household energy consumption. This hands-on experience is invaluable in helping students understand the practical applications of their knowledge.

Career Readiness

As the job market evolves, skills in coding and STEM are increasingly sought after. For example, industries such as healthcare are leveraging big data and artificial intelligence to improve patient care. Students with coding and STEM skills are better prepared for such careers, giving them a competitive edge.

Collaboration and Teamwork

Many STEM activities involve group work, teaching students the importance of collaboration and teamwork. For example, in a school science project, students might work together to design and build a model of an eco-friendly city. These experiences teach students how to communicate effectively, delegate tasks, and integrate diverse perspectives.


The dynamic nature of STEM fields means that students must continually learn and adapt. For instance, as new programming languages or technologies emerge, students must update their skills to stay relevant. This adaptability is a critical skill in today’s fast-paced world, where change is constant.


Incorporating coding and STEM education into the curriculum for secondary and senior secondary students is essential for developing the skills required for future success. For those seeking Class 11 admission in Pune, choosing a school that prioritizes these areas can make a significant difference in their educational journey and career prospects. One of the best CBSE schools, The Orbis school, Mundhwa in Pune are already leading the way by providing students with the tools they need to thrive in an increasingly digital and interconnected world.

Published in Blog

The Impact of Project-Based Learning in CBSE Schools

Benjamin Franklin, one of the famous American authors, inventors, scientists, and diplomats, once said, “Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn.” His quote rightly defines project-based learning that has gained traction in leading CBSE schools in Pune as a pedagogical approach to promote active learning, critical thinking, collaboration, and real-world application of knowledge and skills.

Project-Based Learning at Orbis

At Orbis, Project-Based Learning (PBL) has been increasingly recognized and implemented as a means to enhance the quality of education and promote holistic development among students. They collaborate and work in teams on projects that are often hands-on and relevant to real-world issues, thereby developing a deeper understanding of the subject matter and promoting critical thinking and innovative solutions. Through a well-designed PBL approach, Orbis schools, one of the best CBSE schools in Pune, aim to nurture students who are not only academically proficient but also equipped to thrive in an ever-changing world.

The Power of Active Learning

Education is not the learning of facts, but the training of the mind to think. When students are actively engaged in constructing something meaningful, rather than passively absorbing information, they develop skills and competencies that traditional classroom instruction alone cannot provide. In a sense, Project-Based Learning empowers students to take control of their own education, to ask questions, and to seek answers. As a leading CBSE school, The Orbis School Mundhwa fosters creativity, curiosity, and a lifelong love for learning among students by encouraging project-based learning across all subjects and grades. Unlike the conventional learning methods of lectures and rote memorization, where students are typically recipients of information, Orbis emphasizes active learning by engaging the students in projects that give them the freedom to explore, discover, and create, while also teaching them valuable skills for the future.

Implementing Project-Based Learning

Implementing Project-Based Learning (PBL) in one of the best CBSE schools in Pune involves careful planning, collaboration among educators, and support from school leadership. Projects are aligned with the curriculum standards and learning objectives to ensure interdisciplinary connections. Professional development opportunities such as workshops, training sessions, and collaboration with experienced PBL practitioners are provided for teachers to learn about PBL pedagogy, instructional strategies, and assessment practices. Students are provided access to digital tools and resources that support research, multimedia creation, and project management. And to celebrate students' achievements, their projects are showcased through exhibitions, presentations, or community events.

Parental Support and Engagement

Parental perspective towards project-based learning also plays a crucial role in creating a supportive learning environment for students. In today’s scenario, parents acknowledge the relevance of real-world application of learning and see PBL as a valuable complement to more traditional forms of education. The Orbis Schools firmly believe that education and communication play key roles in addressing concerns and building support for this innovative approach to teaching and learning. This is why we engage parents through informational sessions, workshops, and opportunities to observe PBL in action, helping to foster understanding and collaboration between home and school environments.


Let us understand that Project-Based Learning is not a task to complete, but rather a journey to embark on. By involving students actively in their learning process and fostering an environment of inquiry and exploration, Orbis Schools are paving the way for a future where students are well-prepared to face the challenges of the world with confidence and competence.

Published in Blog
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